Motivation and Purpose

At present, general primary and junior high schools have more than 9.1 million full-time teachers, among them 5.6 million for primary schools, and 350 million for middle schools. Comparing urban and rural distributions, teachers for counties and villages accounted about 83%. About 25% of these teachers are working in difficult areas for the national compulsory education. Structural problems are prominent in teacher assignment, so that insufficient number of teachers are for remote rural areas, and the teaching subjects are contradicting with each other. For some subjects, very few teachers are able to teach. Difficulties lie in teacher supplements, and many more aspects, all contributing to unbalanced development of compulsory education......

In underprivileged regions, poor teaching conditions, low salaries, hard living conditions, difficult working environments, and few opportunities for personal development, always have been the bottleneck, not only restricting the development of rural education, but also becoming the long-standing problem over the years. However, a growing number of schools in these areas began to realize that the solution to these problems, most basically and importantly, is the training of teaching skills and teachers quality. For a long time, due to shortage of funds and lack of information, the operational competence of teachers in poor areas has always been at a lower level. Especially in today's information age, many rural schools do not even have a computer! The 2011 Teaching Education Resources Survey shows that urban elementary schools have 71 computers at average, while rural ones have only 6; Urban junior high schools have 102 computers at average, while the rural ones have only 38; In China's west regions, only 3.1% rural primary schools and 18.4% rural junior high schools have built networks.

To change the situation, Shin Shin launched our first teacher training program in 2004 . Chinese National Board of Education have required mandatory English classes for third graders and above since 2003. However, China's primary and secondary schools, especially in remote poor areas, have serious shortage of English teachers. Therefore, Shin Shin held a nine-month English "seed teachers" training program in Shanghai in 2004. Seventeen teachers from Hunan Xiangxi participated in the program, in the purpose of enabling them to train more English teachers in their local schools .